Upload text, tables and graphics as separate files. Do not import figures or tables into text document; submit them as separate files. All manuscript must be submitted double-spaced in English. Please submit your manuscript electronically at www. The website guides authors, after registration at the site, stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. That the original, not PDF, files are required.
I have had trouble passing my written boards in the past, but after taking the pass machine course online I was able to make it through on my latest attempt. J Pediatr Surg 42 Previous Chapter. Prevalence of congenital anomalies in five British regions. When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives for example, percentages but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. The issues are published in the first week of January, May and September.
Once the submission files are uploaded the system automatically generates an electronic PDF proof, which is then used for reviewing. Correspondence concerning abstracts, book reviews, notices, reports of meetings, and other announcements should be addressed to Professor Uba A. Authors submitting a manuscript to AJPS do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright in the article, including the rights to reproduce the article in all forms and media, shall be transferred exclusively to the publisher.
Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors October The uniform requirements and specific requirement of AJPS are summarized below.
Before submitting a manuscript, contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Contributing authors from non-English speaking countries who are not proficient in English language may wish to have their manuscript well written and professionally edited by an editing firm e. Editage; www. A copy of the permission obtained must accompany the manuscript. Copies of any and all published articles or other manuscripts in preparation or submitted elsewhere that are related to the manuscript must also accompany the manuscript.
Original articles: Original articles are preferred and are accepted for publication on the condition that they are contributed solely to AJPS.
These include randomized controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic test, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control series, and surveys with high response rate. The text of original articles amounting to up to words excluding Abstract, references and Tables should be divided into sections with the headings Abstract, Key-words, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables and Figure legends.
Introduction: State the purpose and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee for both human as well as animal studies must be supplied by the authors on demand. Animal experimental procedures should be as humane as possible and the details of anesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated. The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. Study design: Selection and Description of Participants: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants patients or laboratory animals, including controls clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population.
Technical information: Identify the methods, apparatus give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses , and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results.
Give references to established methods, including statistical methods see below ; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name s , dose s , and route s of administration.
Statistics: Whenever possible quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty such as confidence intervals. Authors should report losses to observation such as, dropouts from a clinical trial. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as 'random' which implies a randomizing device , 'normal', 'significant', 'correlations', and 'sample'.
Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used. Use upper italics P 0. For all P values include the exact value and not less than 0. Mean differences in continuous variables, proportions in categorical variables and relative risks including odds ratios and hazard ratios should be accompanied by their confidence intervals.
Results: Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. Extra- or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix where it will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text; alternatively, it can be published only in the electronic version of the journal. When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives for example, percentages but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them.
Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by variables such as age and sex should be included. Discussion: Include summary of key findings primary outcome measures, secondary outcome measures, results as they relate to a prior hypothesis ; Strengths and limitations of the study study question, study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation ; Interpretation and implications in the context of the totality of evidence is there a systematic review to refer to, if not, could one be reasonably done here and now?
Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section.
In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. New hypotheses may be stated if needed, however they should be clearly labeled as such. About 30 references can be included. These articles generally should not have more than six authors. It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field.
A short summary of the work done by the contributor s in the field of review should accompany the manuscript. The prescribed word count is up to words excluding tables, references and abstract. The manuscript may have about 90 references. The manuscript should have an unstructured Abstract words representing an accurate summary of the article. The section titles would depend upon the topic reviewed.
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Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract. The journal expects the contributors to give post-publication updates on the subject of review. The update should be brief, covering the advances in the field after the publication of the article and should be sent as a letter to editor, as and when major development occurs in the field.
Case reports: Case reports are accepted, provided that they are new, interesting and rare and do not exceed 2 full pages in the journal approximately 5 typewritten double-spaced line pages , including title, authors, unstructured abstract, illustrations, and maximum of 10 references. They should be unique, describing a great diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers.
Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. These communications could be of up to words excluding Abstract and references and should have the following headings: Abstract unstructured , Key-words, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, Reference, Tables and Legends in that order.
The manuscript could be of up to words excluding references and abstract and could be supported with up to 10 references. Case Reports could be authored by up to four authors. Images: The purpose of these sections is to provide vivid images of clinically significant material.
The manuscript may be authored by not more than four authors and should not be of more than words excluding references. The manuscript could have up to six references. Letter to the Editor: These should be short and decisive observations. They should preferably be related to articles previously published in the Journal or views expressed in the journal. They should not be preliminary observations that need a later paper for validation. The letter could have up to words and 5 references.
It could be generally authored by not more than four authors. Announcements: Announcements of conferences, meetings, courses, and other items likely to be of interest to the readers should be submitted with the name and address of the person from whom additional information can be obtained. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text not in alphabetic order. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript with square bracket after the punctuation marks.
References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source.
Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. Download a PowerPoint presentation on common reference styles and using the reference checking facility on the manuscript submission site.
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